What is collaboration? Collaboration is a process through which multiple persons or stakeholders work together toward a common goal (1) in which they co-create and co-discover. Typically, the different parties contribute something unique, whether it be knowledge, perspective, resources, or access, which makes the collaboration more value-able for the whole, as compared to groups working individually. The reasons for collaboration are numerous and typically are motivated by a need to share resource, information or expertise.

What is important for successful collaboration?
Collaboration is designed around a set of persons or teams who together combine and align resources and processes to achieve a common goal. There are many different types of teams, including temporary and permanent, which can impact the quality of the collaboration. The more permanent the team the more important it is to build a culture of collaboration through communication, values, and common purpose. 

a common purpose, which is articulated, understood and agreed upon by all parties
a clear understanding of how the different parties in the collaboration will contribute with perspective and resources, including understanding the different contexts, strengths and weakness
an open communication about expectations, ways of working, and goals
a plan for meetings and dialogue
alignment of processes, people, and resources