Session 2: Kritisk infrastruktur

Presentationer av forskning tisdag 26/3 kl. 14.55. Presentationerna hålls på svenska.

Exploring collective critical infrastructure resilience for payment disruptions

van Laere, J, University of Skövde; Johansson, B.J.E., Linköping University; Ibrahim O., Stockholm university; Olsson, L., Mid Sweden University; Lindqwister, T., Combitech AB
Resilience of interdependent infrastructures increasingly depends on collaborative responses from actors with diverse backgrounds that may not be familiar with cascade effects into areas beyond and outside the own organisation or sector. When a longer payment disruption would occur, the responses of for instance food stores, petrol stations, pharmacies, transport companies, security companies, government and media may therefore not be well-aligned. A simulation-game has been developed that combines role-playing simulation and computer simulation.  In the role playing simulation, participants discuss how to tackle the disruptions collectively. The actions they choose are implemented in the computer simulation and the outcomes of their strategies are returned to the participants instantly. Next, the participants can re-play the scenario several times and learn how different strategies have different impacts on the payment disruption scenario. Participants are challenged to simultaneously address payment options, goods flows, communication strategies and security. Analysis of seven playing sessions with groups of 6 to 8 representatives from different societal actors confirms that payment disruptions create severe problems for many parts of society and that mitigating actions require fast and vigorous cross-sectoral collaboration. Innovative collaborative responses have been identified in the playing sessions that might be valuable in a real disruption.


The role of regional airports as critical infrastructure

Christine Große, Mid Sweden University
Regional airports are an important part in supply chains of goods and services to society. In addition, airports constitute infrastructure that provides various functions to public and private stakeholders, such as increased accessibility to local and regional sites. Airports thus gain importance both for regional development and tourism and for protecting the society in cases of emergency, such as forest fires or urgent medical transports. However, the value of the functionality of airports and their impact on regional and national economy is difficult to estimate. Drawing on evidence from a Swedish case, this study analyses the interconnected role of a regional airport through applying a holistic system perspective. This study highlights stakeholder and interests and visualises the interconnected field of tensions between them. The analysis then concentrates on three complementary dimensions: costs, benefits and alternatives. These dimensions demonstrate how the value of regional airports accrues, how costs split up among stakeholders, and what alternatives for action frame the system. Modelling the holistic scene of this complex problem consolidates structures of power, costs, pricing and willingness to pay. Thereby, this study emphasises the creation of value by regional airports for the surrounding society.