Presentationer av forskning onsdag 27/3 kl. 13.00. Presentationerna hålls på svenska.
Perspectives on Swedish household crisis preparedness: a research overview
Linda Kvarnlöf, Mid Sweden University
This paper summarizes current research on Swedish household crisis preparedness. Drawing on statistics, reports and scientific journals this paper deals with questions like how official actors of crisis management perceive public crisis preparedness, how citizens perceive risks and their willingness to prepare for them and how citizens perceive different crisis communication campaigns. From this research some general trends are identified and discussed. For example: Why is it that official actors perceive public crisis preparedness as lower compared to how citizens themselves perceive it? Why is it that younger people are less prone to take preventive actions towards risks in their everyday life compared to the rest of the population and how can we empower younger people to be more crisis prepared? How can we explain the fact that rural households seems to be more prepared than urban households and how can we elaborate this further through future research? Thus, this paper finishes with a discussion of possible future research questions in the field of (Swedish) household crisis preparedness.
Entrepreneurial Bureaucrats: A Social Network Analysis of Lomma and Staffanstorp Municipalities, Sweden
Evangelia Petridou, Mid Sweden University
Policy (or political) entrepreneurship is an actor-based framework to examine and understand policy change. Rooted in Kingdon’s multiple streams approach, the policy entrepreneur is defined as “a special kind of actor, embedded in the sociopolitical fabric, who is alert to opportunities and acts upon them; he or she amasses coalitions for the purpose of effecting change in a substantive policy sector, political rules or in the provision of public goods”. Political entrepreneurship refers to the agentic capacity of political actors operationalized as (i) access to resources such as information and personal contacts; (ii) alertness to recognize opportunities and take advantage of them; (iii) the willingness to take risks, and (iv) leadership skills. The strategies these actors use to navigate the policymaking process are a function of their agentic capacity and the context in which they find themselves operating. Though considerable scholarship has been devoted to policy entrepreneurs in the policy formulation stage of the policy process, entrepreneurship in bureaucracies and especially at the municipal level becomes opaquer. In this study, we conduct a structural analysis to compare the networks in two Swedish municipalities, Lomma and Staffanstorp in urban flood risk management. Our findings suggest that the actions of the policy entrepreneur in Lomma municipality is decisive for the policy decisions regarding flood risk mitigation.
Prepared for health?
Erika Wall, Mid Sweden University
Preparedness for health is necessary to strengthen society's ability to cope with crises. In this study, stories about risk and preparedness are analysed with the intention of deepening the knowledge of whether, and in what ways, individual perspectives on health is included in conversations in this context. The analysis was based on 34 interviews from two different data collections. Eight interviews on risk perceptions and household preparedness were made in 2016 among Swedish households negatively affected by a great storm a couple of years before. The other material consisted by 26 interviews, made in 2015–2016, with people in two towns in Sweden where there previously have been different kinds of problems with drinking water. These interviews were focusing on risks in everyday life, especially risks related to drinking water. Even though risk and preparedness in everyday life was focused in various ways in all interviews, the analysis showed the absence of spontaneously emerging health perspectives in discussions about risk and preparedness. The conclusion is that it is time to raise health perspectives in this area of research, but also that it is important that the health-promoting work of social institutions be given the opportunity to focus on preparedness for health.