Presentationer av forskning torsdag 28/3 kl. 8.30. Presentationerna hålls på svenska.
Creating a Health Care Leanness Score using fuzzy Data Envelopment. Analysis with an α-cut approach
Annika Hasselblad, Mid Sweden University
Measuring efficiency and thinking lean are well explored areas in especially the auto sector which first occurred during the Second World War. The methodologies has since then been implemented in other areas such as operations and service management and later in health care. But implementing non adapted methods into other areas such as healthcare can be risky since the method aren’t designed to fit the new circumstances. A gap between demands and measured values can lead to inaccuracy with high risks for misleading results. This study combine an existing efficiency measurement model called fuzzy DEA a-cut model with a leanness measurement approach to create a metric score value. This modelling approach make scenarios comparable from both quantitative and qualitative values the model considering both risk and uncertainty aspects existing in the health care sector. The model is tested on a set of scenarios during implementation of a new digital technology with a positive result. The created novel leanness health care score is a general metric that can be further developed to suite other types of health care technology implementations in the future.
Methodology for investigating crises – Analysis of methodological approaches accounted in reports and interviews with investigators
Anna Johansson, Mälardalens högskola
In the wake of a crisis, the crisis management is often criticized and it is common to establish different kinds of investigations as part of knowledge management in the public sector. The reports are of different types and have been initiated for various reasons but aims in general to contribute with lessons learned. Since Sweden have few major accidents and crises, there are incentives to study how neighboring countries have conducted different types of post-crises investigations. The purpose of the study is to analyse the methodological approaches applied after various types of crises and to discuss the need to develop a post-crisis investigation methodology. The empirical material has been collected from events in the Nordic countries and the UK: Hillsborough Stadium, School shooting, Volcanic ash cloud, Flooding, Winter fires, Avalanches and Migration crisis. Substudy 1 – Qualitative content analysis of the methodological accounts identified in a selection of investigation reports (n = 8, 800 A4) based on an analytical framework developed by the author. Substudy 2 – Semi-structured in-depth interviews with investigators in the Nordic countries (n = 6) who have been working on post-crisis investigations. Qualitative content analysis of in total 11 h recorded and transcribed material (total 176 A4).
Crisis Prevention and Management in the Face of Climate Change A Systems Analysis of Forestry Related Risks, Hazards and Swedish Societal Resilience
Emelie Danielsson, Stockholm University
Climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) have arisen as pivotal challenges to maintaining societal resilience. Although acknowledged in policy and research, there are disquieting signs of society not taking adequate and timely measures. This debate was brought to the fore with the 2014 Västmanland wildfire which became one of the greatest crises in a modern national context. This study is based on work conducted within the governmental commission1 on crisis preparedness assigned to the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency following the wildfire. By focusing on the risks of wildfire and wind throw from a systems theory and resilience perspective, the study investigates to what degree the current structure, work and organisational culture of key actors of Swedish crisis management and forestry can facilitate societal adaptation necessitated by climate change. The main contribution is a methodological enquiry into the contributions of systems analysis to the understanding of crisis prevention and management of the climate change related risks of forests.