Session 8: Kopplingar mellan kontexter, grupper och organisationer

Spara favorit 21 mar mars 2019

Presentationer av forskning torsdag 28/3 kl. 8.30. Presentationerna hålls på svenska.

Mixed blessing

Kerstin Eriksson, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, and Erna Danielsson, Mid Sweden University
Research have over the years demonstrate the importance of citizens’ and volunteers’ involvement in disaster management. The need for citizens and volunteers in disaster management are also emphasized in for example the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. However, the contribution of volunteers and citizens in disaster management are commonly neglected by the official response organizations. Furthermore, the research literature appears to assume that the formal actors are more legitimate than the volunteers. Volunteers and citizens are even positioned as threatening within disaster management. The argument is that volunteers are a way to fill the gap between the demand and supply in the response situation, however there are at the same time numerous pressures to exclude them. In the literature it is common to label the volunteers with terms or buzzwords such as “mixed blessings”, “blessing and a curse”, “double-edged sword” or a “paradox”. In this paper we, by adopting a critical perspective, take the perspective of the volunteers to investigate how different types of volunteer in the Västmanland forest fire in 2014 perceive both authorities and other types of volunteers. 

 

Enhancing Capacity in Disaster Risk Reduction: A Scoping Study of University-Industry Partnerships in Sri Lanka, Thailand and Bangladesh

Evangelia Petridou, Mid Sweden University
The benefits of collaboration between industry, university, and the public sector, a model that is known as triple helix are well documented in the literature. These collaborations are especially important in the context of current governance structures that are resting on the dynamics between state and society and how the government’s role in pursuing collective interests has adapted in a society characterized by shifts in late capitalism. These include globalization, consumerism, the fragmentation of authority and the state and the commodification of knowledge. More specifically, collaborations between universities and industries are important for skill development, and the production and adoption of new knowledge. These aspects become even more salient in developing countries though critics point out that the institutional structure of non-Western countries might not be fit for the Triple Helix concept as it has been developed from the experience of advanced economies in the West. In this study we examine University-Industry Partnerships (UIPs) related to Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in three Asian countries (Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Bangladesh) from a network perspective. We map the personal network of each university with industry partners in order to examine the strength and sustainability of the collaboration. Additionally, we explore the institutional and contextual barriers that hinder such partnerships. Field work for this study was conducted in the summer and fall of 2018, where faculty members in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) answered a structured survey regarding relational and institutional aspects of UIPs. We conducted an ego network analysis as well as a thematic analysis of the textual data and provide a descriptive comparison of the three Asian countries. 

 

Intersectional risk theory

Anna Olofsson and Susanna Öhman, Mid Sweden University
The purpose of the paper is to present how intersectional risk theory can contribute to a deeper understanding of the ways in which risk is intertwined with prevailing power structures and therefore often tends to reproduce norms about gender, ethnicity and class. Intersectional risk theory involves new theoretical perspectives on risk and crisis with the help of concepts and methods of analysis developed within the field of gender studies. Within the framework of intersectional risk theory, risk is described as an underlying perspective, as a lens through which power relations, and their interaction, can be studied. Such an analysis is important as risk and crisis also affect society and people's social relations. By incorporating intersectionality into risk theory, we can clarify how new risk configurations create new inequalities, while old structures remain unchanged.