Presentationer av forskning tisdag 26/3 kl. 14.55. Presentationerna hålls på svenska.
Local resilience against radicalization and violent extremism
Veronica Strandh, Umeå University
This work is part of a larger research project funded by the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency and brings together scholars from political science, community policing, social work and public health. The purpose of the project is to enhance the understanding of local resilience against radicalization and violent extremism from a crisis management perspective. Crisis preparedness has traditionally been associated with public actors’ preparedness to manage floods, storms and forest fires. Today, however, other actors – among them civil society organizations – are expected to contribute to overall crisis management abilities. They are also expected to prepare for relatively new issues such as social unrest and violent extremism. Issues that most likely will continue to be on the agenda when for instance municipalities analyze risk and vulnerabilities in 2025. The suggested presentation at Åre Risk Event will present findings from a Swedish case study and explores the question of what forms of dialogue are needed to strengthen cooperation between local actors and local civil society organizations? Empirically, our work builds on approximately 40 interviews with local public actors (for example municipalities and social workers) and civil society organizations (for example faith based organizations and different integration projects). We discuss possibilities as well as challenges associated with collaboration between the different types of actors and their efforts to prevent violent extremism.
Mitigating impacts of climate change in a Swedish local context – the community resilience challenge
Tove Bodland, Karlstad University and Uppsala University, and Mikael Granberg, Karlstad University
The research literature on societal impacts of climate change stress a “all of society” approach and the necessity to involve the public in managing risks, reducing vulnerabilities and building resilience. The assumption is that a bottom-up approach can facilitate the creation of resilience and that public involvement is a means to reinforce local communities’ capacity to prepare for, act on and recover from extreme events. In this paper we present a study of local actor’s interaction in mitigating climate change risk in three Swedish cities based on documents studies and interviews. We uncover attitudes towards the utility and challenges of public involvement particularly in relation to groups considered especially vulnerable. The results are analyzed within the theoretical framework of community resilience and the utility of this framework in the Swedish context is assessed. We find positive attitudes towards involving the public, primarily as a resource in crisis management. Network-building and collaboration, with the aim to gain information about perceptions of risk and the needs of the public regarding is considered important for facilitating risk management and resilience building. We identify some constraints related to communication, collaboration, knowledge, etc. but also some opportunities for creating community resilience.