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Disputation i sociologi, Linda Kvarnlöf

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Välkomna till Linda Kvarnlöfs försvar av sin avhandling "Först på plats: Gränsdragningar, positioneringar och emergens i berättelser från olycksplatsen".

Disputationen går av stapeln i sal L216 fredagen den 8:e maj kl 13.15.  

Opponent är docent Clary Krekula, Karlstads Universitet. 

Abstract 

When accidents occur, citizens often are the real first responders. This has been acknowledged and studied from an international perspective, particularly in relation to large crises and disasters, but remains relatively unstudied from a Swedish perspective. This thesis takes its point of departure from people who have been emergency callers or witnesses to traffic accidents, studying their actions and interactions at the scene of an accident in terms of boundaries, positioning and emergence. The aim of this thesis is to study how people’s actions in a specific situation are affected by their interactions with both real and imagined others and how their actions are affected by the spatial context, which is being explored through four individual studies. The first study focuses on first responders’ options to act in a place that simultaneously is the workplace of emergency personnel: the incident site. This study shows how first responders’ options to act are governed in large part by their interaction with emergency personnel and their boundary practices at the incident site. The second study focuses on a limited selection of first responders: those who have placed emergency calls and how they frame their decision to stop and place the call through different presentations of self. These presentations are constructed through moral positioning, in which the callers position themselves and their actions in relation to both real and imagined others. The third study takes its point of departure from theories and previous research on emergence where concepts of emergent behavior and emergent norms, have been used to argue that people act according to “new and not-yet-institutionalized behavior guidelines” in times of disasters. In this study, I argue that emergence and citizens as the first responders, is also present in everyday emergencies. Through the narratives of citizen first responders, I explore how they frame their actions through different normative narratives, not necessarily emergent. Rather, the interviewees use past experience and presentations of self to justify their actions at the scene of an accident. The fourth study is an ethnographic reflection of the researcher’s place-bounded identity in a field study that revolves around several different places. In summary, this thesis contributes a deeper knowledge of how citizen first responders frame their actions at the scene of an accident. The contribution considers the fact that citizen first responders are something of a “blind spot”, not only in the field of emergency research but also for emergency personnel who do not always acknowledge the experience of first responders at the scene of accidents.

1 januari