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Tourism Studies MA, Sustainable Nature & Culture Based Tourism, 15 Credits

General data

Code: TR002A
Subject/Main field: Turismvetenskap
Cycle: Second cycle
Credits: 15
Progressive specialization: A1N - Second cycle, has only first-cycle course/s as entry requirements
Answerable department: Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism
Answerable faculty: Faculty of Human Sciences
Established: 9/1/2010
Date of change: 5/22/2013
Version valid from: 8/31/2013


The purpose of the course is to convey in depth knowledge about nature and culture as resources in the tourism isystem and skills to analyze the impacts of tourism on natural and cultural environments.

Course objectives

After finishing the course, the student shall be able to:

• Explain and use the central terms and methods that constitute in depth
knowledge in the area of sustainable nature and culture based tourism.
• Explain and critically examine how ecosystems and habitats in the natural
environment can be influenced by tourism related activities.
• Analyse and evaluate natural and cultural environments as resources in the
tourism system through individual works and oral presentations.
• Make environmental, social and economic priorities and compromises between
exploitation and preservation of natural and cultural resources in the context of
tourism based on scientific knowledge.


The course elaborates the concept of sustainable nature and culture based tourism, including both -supply and demand perspectives. The natural environment should be planned for a long-term sustainable use for the benefit of the tourist, the tourism industry, and the natural environment alike. In cultural tourism, the problem is slightly different, often with many more stakeholders. The principles of sustainable use and exploitation of natural and cultural resources will be elaborated during the course, and planning methods for the use of such environments will be critically analyzed.

Entry requirements

Degree of Bachelor with 90 Credits in Human Geography, Tourism Studies or equivalent Exam, and
English course B from Swedish Upper Secondary School (Gymnasium). This can be proven by for example the following international English tests:
- TOEFL with a minimum score of 550 on a paper-based test and not below 4.0 on the TWE, or 213 on a computer-based test and not below 4 on Essay Rating, or a minimum score of 79 on internet based test and not below 17 on the TWE.
- IELTS (Academic Training) with a minimum overall score of 6.0 and a minimum score on the specific parts of at least 5.0

Selection rules and procedures

The selectionprocess is in accordance with the Higher Education Ordinance and the local order of admission.

Teaching form

Teaching is carried out by means of lectures and seminars. The course also includes groupwork, discusions, oral presentations and/or field trips.

Examination form

Examination is done by written tests, group work reports and oral presentations.

Link to subject-specific criteria for marks

Grading system

The grades A, B, C, D, E, Fx and F are given on the course. On this scale the grades A through E represent pass levels, whereas Fx and F represent fail levels.

Course reading

Required literature

Fredman, Peter & Tyrväinen, Liisa, Frontiers in Nature-based Tourism. Lessons from Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, London and New York, Routledge, Latest edition

Newsome, David., Moore, Susan & Dowling, Ross, K, Natural area tourism. Ecology, impacts and management., Channel View Publications, Latest edition

Page, Stephen, J & Dowling, Ross, K, Ecotourism., Prentice hall, Latest edition

Timothy, Dallen. J, Cultural Heritage and Tourism. An Introduction., Channel View Publications, Latest edition

Reference literature

Manning, Robert E, Studies in Outdoor Recreation. Search and Research for Satisfaction., OSU Press, Latest edition

Other information

According to the students’ demand, the course is given in Swedish or English.