Since 2000 I have been doing research in three areas of knowledge, (a) public health, (b) psychology/psychiatry and (c) criminology. The main topics in which I focused my work were, chronologically, (1) physical and psychiatric problems and criminality in young individuals with alcohol and substance misuse problems, (2) risk assessment of youth offenders and the use of 4th generation tools on the management of violence and reoffending risk in these individuals, (3) personality psychopathic traits and its relation with delinquency and violence during adolescence and young adulthood, (4) different parenting components as risk factors for antisocial behavior among adolescents, and (5) the development and management of social, individual and situational crime prevention strategies applied to specific crime problems.
I started my career as a young research assistant in Spain, where I was able to analyze physical, mental health and crime-related problems in samples of young adult heroin users – Injectors, smokers, and sniffers – from a public health perspective. Simultaneously, in collaboration with other research groups, I worked as a forensic psychology researcher in the translation and implementation, on the Spanish juvenile crime justice system, of the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI), the Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV), and the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD). During my years in Canada, as a postdoc researcher, I had the opportunity to work in collaboration with Prof. Sheilagh Hodgins and prof. Richard Tremblay, on the analysis of the impact on individuals’ lives of one of the most important risk factors for violence and delinquency – childhood maltreatment – which I analyzed in a disadvantaged community sample (Québec) and in a juvenile delinquent sample (Madrid). The focus of this line of research was the impact of youths’ psychopathic traits on the association between parental maltreatment and antisocial behavior. During the postdoctoral years in Sweden I was able to broader this line of research by incorporating other parenting factors. Together with professor Håkan Stattin I analyzed the specific parenting conditions that determine whether psychopathy is strongly or weakly related to delinquency. In this case, the study was performed in a school sample of adolescents. Using the same sample we also defined the mediator role of parental support on the relationship between adolescent willing to self-disclose personal information and their delinquent behavior.
Crime prevention, substance misuse, psychopahty, violence, juvenile delinquency
In 2015, my research career expanded knowledge frontiers when I was appointed as an assistant professor in criminology at Mid Sweden University. Since then, I have incorporated a criminological perspective to my work that currently develops in two main areas (1) knowledge and attitudes of normalized youths (i.e. school samples of adolescents) toward criminality and in special toward sexual crime and, (2) the development of a problem-oriented comprehensive crime prevention strategy to shut down an open-air drug market operating in the city of Sundsvall (Sweden).
Ph.D in Psychology (2009).
Master of Public Health (2008)
Master of Arts, [Cognition, Emotion, and Stress] (2003)
Master of Arts, [Clinical and Forensic Psychology] (2002)
Bachelor of Science in Psychology (1999)
Bachelor of Nursing Sciences (1990)
Artiklar i tidskrifter
Silva, T. (2018). Knowledge and skills needed for successful management of crime prevention strategies. Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, vol. 19: 1, ss. 113-114.
Silva, T. C. & Stattin, H. (2016). The moderating role of parenting on the relationship between psychopathy and antisocial behavior in adolescence. Development and psychopathology (Print), vol. 28: 2, ss. 505-515.
Larm, P. , Silva, T. C. & Hodgins, S. (2015). Adolescent substance misusers with and without delinquency : Death, mental and physical disorders, and criminal convictions from age 21 to 45. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, vol. 59, ss. 1-9.
Silva, T. , Graña, J. L. & González-Cieza, L. (2014). Self-report physical and emotional abuse among youth offenders and their association with internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. A preliminary study.. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, vol. 58: 5, ss. 590-606.
Martinez, M. , Losa-Iglesias, M. , Silva, T. , Fuentes, P. , Gomez-Arnau, J. , Martinez, F. , Martinez, R. & Altieri, P. (2012). Grado de conocimientos y actitudes de la enfermería de la Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid (CAM) ante el dolor: Diplomados en enfermería y profesionales. Revista de la Sociedad Española del Dolor, vol. 19: 6, ss. 293-300.
Silva, T. , Larm, P. , Vitaro, F. , Tremblay, R. & Hodgins, S. (2012). The association between maltreatment in childhood and criminal convictions to age 24: A prospective study of a community simple of males from disadvantaged neighbourhoods. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 21: 7, ss. 403-413.
Silva, T. , Garrido, V. & López, M. J. (2012). The use of a screening device to assess psychopathy in young offenders. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, vol. 15: 2, ss. 724-735.
Vallejo, F. , Toro, C. , de la Fuente, L. , Brugal, M. T. , Soriano, V. , Silva, T. , Bravo, M. J. , Ballesta, R. & et al. (2008). Prevalence of and risk factors for hepatitis B virus infection among street-recruited young injection and non-injection heroin users in Barcelona, Madrid and Seville. European Addiction Research, vol. 14: 3, ss. 116-124.
González-Saiz, F. , Lozano, M. O. , Ballesta, R. , Silva, T. , Brugal, M. T. , Bilbao, I. , Barrio, G. , Domingo-Salvany, A. & et al. (2008). Validity of the Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS) construct applying the Item Response Theory to a non-clinical sample of heroin users. Substance Use & Misuse, vol. 43: 7, ss. 919-935.
Barrio, G. , de la Fuente, L. , Toro, C. , Brugal, M. , Soriano, V. , González, F. , Bravo, M. , Vallejo, F. & et al. (2007). Prevalence of HIV infection among young adult injecting and non-injecting heroin users in Spain in the era of harm reduction programmes: Gender differences and other related factors. Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 135, ss. 592-603.
Silva, T. , Vallejo, F. , Fernandez, D. , Ruiz, S. , Ambrós, M. & Vallés, N. (2006). Conflicto social en jóvenes consumidores de heroína. Boletin Criminológico, : 3
Neira-Leon, M. , Barrio, G. , Brugal, M. T. , de la Fuente, L. , Ballesta, R. , Bravo, M. J. , Silva, T. & Rodriguez-Martos, A. (2006). Do young heroin users in Madrid, Barcelona y Seville have sufficient knowledge of the risk factors for unintentional opioid overdose?. Journal of urban health, vol. 83: 3, ss. 477-496.
de la Fuente, L. , Toro, C. , Soriano, V. , Brugal, M. T. , Vallejo, F. , Barrio, G. , Jimenez, V. & Silva, T. (2006). HTLV infection among young injection and non-injection heroin users in Spain: Prevalence and correlates. Journal of Clinical Virology, vol. 35: 3, ss. 244-249.
Rodriguez-Llera, M. , Domingo-Salvany, A. , Brugal, M. , Silva, T. , Sanchez-Nubió, A. & Torrens, M. (2006). Psychiatric comorbidity in young heroin users. Drug And Alcohol Dependence, vol. 84: 1, ss. 48-55.
de la Fuente, L. , Brugal, M. T. , Ballesta, R. , Bravo, M. J. , Barrio, G. , Domingo, A. , Silva, T. & Ambrós, M. (2005). Metodología del estudio de cohortes del proyecto ITINERE sobre consumidores de heroína en tres ciudades españolas y características básicas de los participantes. Revista Española de Salud Pública, vol. 79, ss. 475-491.
Bravo, M. J. , Barrio, G. , de la Fuente, L. , Royuela, L. , Domingo, L. & Silva, T. (2003). Reasons for selecting an initial route of heroin administration and for subsequent transitions during a severe HIV epidemic. Addiction, vol. 98: 6, ss. 749-760.
Garrido, V. , Lopez, E. , Silva, T. , López, M. & Molina, P. (2006). El modelo de la competencia social de la ley de menores. Valencia : Tirand lo Blanch
Silva, T. (2009). La medición de la psicopatía en el contexto del sistema de justicia juvenil en España. Diss. Valencia : Universidad de Valencia, 2009
Kapitel i böcker, del av antologier
Silva, T. C. & Sandström, P. (2018). Parenting difficult children and adolescents. I Parenting : Empirical advances and intervention resources. Croatia : InTech. S. 59-82.
de la Fuente, L. , Bravo, M. , Barrio, G. & Silva, T. (2003). La instructiva historia de la epidemia de VIH/SIDA en los inyectores de drogas españoles: lecciones para el futuro. I La utilización de la evidencia en las decisiones sanitarias. Alicante : Universidad de Alicante.